[1849,010,000] 2. ROMAN REPUBLIC

1849, FEBRUARY 09.

ROME

The Roman Republic was declared TODAY.

The first in the world to abolish capital punishment in its constitutional law.

The Pope, Pius IX, fled to Gaeta, a fortress in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

1870-central-italy-Papal_States_Map_1870

The republic is led by a triumvirate, a reflection of a form of government seen in the ancient Roman Republic (509 BC – 27 BC).

The triumvirs are Carlo Armellini, Giuseppe Mazzini and Aurelio Saffi.

One of the major innovations the Republic hoped to achieve was enshrined in its constitution: all religions could be practiced freely and the Pope was guaranteed the right to govern the Catholic Church. These religious freedoms were quite different from the situation under the preceding government, which allowed only Catholicism and Judaism to be practiced by citizens.

Gianicolo 2016

Ossario Garibaldino

 

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